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2019年福建成人高考英語閱讀理解高分答題技巧

福建成人高考信息網www.smtaplin.com 發布時間: 2019年10月19日

        2019年福建成人高考英語的主要題型有選擇題、完形填空、閱讀理解和寫作等等。閱讀理解成為成人高考英語的重要失分地,很多考生感慨閱讀理解得高分太難!為了幫助考生在2019年福建成人高考中拿到閱讀理解的高分,本文分享了2019年福建成人高考英語閱讀理解高分答題技巧,供考生借鑒!


福建成人高考英語閱讀理解高分答題技巧


      2019年福建成人高考英語閱讀理解高分答題技巧


  關于作者的態度類問題(Attitude)


  閱讀理解的最后一題常常提問在作者對文章中某一問題的態度(Attitude)、全文的基調(Tone)、文章的出處(Source)及對文章前后接續內容的判斷等。


  關于態度或基調(Attitude/Tone)類題的回答應從篇章的體裁著手,一般來說,在說明文中作者的態度是客觀的(objective)或中立的(neutral);而在議論文中,作者的觀點才會顯得多種多樣,常風的選項有:


  (1)positive(積極的)


  (2)negative(消極的)


  (3)neutral(中立的)


  (4)approval(贊成的)


  (5)disapproval(不贊成的)


  (6)indifferent(漠不關心的)


  (7)sarcastic(諷刺的)


  (8)critical(批評的)


  (9)optimistic(樂觀的)


  (10)pessimistic(悲觀的)


  問題的幾種提問方式:


  (1)What's the writer's attitude to …?


  (2)What's the tone of the passage?


  (3)The author's view is _______


  (4)The writer's attitude of,this passage is apparently _________


  (5)The author suggests that _________


  (6)According to author __________


  有文章中,作者觀點明確,文章基調清楚,而有的文章中,作者僅僅暗示對某一問題的態度和觀點,需要閱讀時仔細琢磨。解答這類問題時,首先應請注意篇章中起連接手段作用的那些詞語;其次應注意有些表明作者觀點詞匯,如形容詞、動詞等。


  對文章的出處及文章前后接續內容判斷等可從全篇著手,從個別句子或詞匯找線索進行判斷。


  Example :


  I am not so nave ,however ,as to believe that is responsible for this unfortunate situation of the American woman. I am not a feminist ,but I am an individualist. I do not believe there is any important difference between men and women. certainly not as much as there may be between one woman and another or one man and an-other. There are plenty of women and men,for that matter who would be completely fulfilled in being allowed to be as lazy as possible. If someone will ensconce them in a pleasant home and pay their bills,they ask no more of life. It is quite all right for these men and women to live thus so long as fools can be found who will pay so much for nothing much in return. Gigolos ,male and female,are to be found in every class and in the best of homes. But when a man does not want to be a gigolo,he has the freedom to go out and work and create as well as he can. But a woman has not. Even if her individual husband lets her,tradition in society is against her. In this passage the author looks on the situation of women with an attitude of .


  A)amusement


  B)indifference


  C)disapproval


  D)condemnation


  此篇文章中,作者對待這一問題的態度十分明確、強硬(如用語I am not 等等),因此只參在選項C)和D)中選擇。而從文章中的“gigolos”,"fools"等詞可看出作者不僅不贊成而且態度更甚。所以,選項C)程度還不夠,這一題的正確答案是D)


  關于詞匯問題(Vocabu1ary)


  詞匯(Vocabulary)是三級閱讀理解測試中非常重要的一項。詞匯類其實也是就細節進行提問,所不同的是這是唯一關于詞或詞組的練習項目,詞匯題往往要求對文章中的某個單詞、短語甚至句子等找出近義詞或最合適的解釋。解答這類題需要學生擁有較大的詞匯量??墒?,單詞記憶似乎已成為學生普遍反映最頭痛的難題。閱讀理解中詞匯類問題的常見提問方式有下列幾種:


  (1)According to the author ,the word “…”means_______.


  (2)Which of the following is nearest in meaning to “…”?


  (3)The term “……”in paragraph… can be best replaced by …。


  (4)What's the meaning of “…”in line …of paragraph…。


  (5)As used in the line …,the word “…”refers to _______.


  一般來說,在文章的閱讀中解決釋義的最鄧辦法是猜測詞義。猜測詞義也需要一定的技巧,可以通過:1)上下文間意義的聯系;2)同義關系,反義關系;3)詞的定義;4)對詞的解釋和舉例;5)構詞法知識猜測詞義。


  1、利用上下文詞語意義的互相聯系猜測詞義


  Example :


  The fishermen make their canoes from tree trunks .They go from island to island in these light marrow boats and collect turtles' eggs


  我們從上下文中可以得出以下信息:“canoes”是一種漁夫用樹木做的、來回于島嶼之間的、輕狹長的、類似于小船之類的東西。盡管我們可能還不能肯定它的確切解釋,但這一生詞已經不會影響我們的閱讀和理解了。


  Example :


  Jogging has become very popular in some countries ,It is believed to be a good exercise for old people.


  “Jogging”的意思通過“a good exercise for old people ”可以推斷出是一種適合老年人的劇烈的運動方式。


  2、利用文章中詞與詞的同義和反義關系猜測詞義


  Example :


  If you happened to be sitting in the woods outside the city ,you might have witnessed a strange sight. You would have seen a very proud looking man riding along horseback ,saying something.


  在文章中可以很容易地判斷出“witnesss”的同義關系詞是“seen”,因此“witness”就是看見的意思。


  Example :


  In the northern regions the winters are generally cold and humid ,and the summers hot and dry.


  顯然,冬天和夏天的氣候是截然相反的,它們的修飾詞的意思也應該截然相反?!癱old”與“hot”對應,“humid”與“dry”對應。因此,“humid”是“潮濕”的意思。


  3、利用文章中對詞的定義猜測詞義


  Example:


  Such experiences are not unusual for the amateur conchologists,people who collect shells.


  Conchologists的意思可以根據該詞后面的同位解釋“people who collect shells”理解為收集貝殼的人或貝殼收藏家。


  Example :


  Jack is now a florist,who keeps a shop for selling flowers in our district.


  “florist” 的意思就是其后定語從句“who keeps a shop for selling flowers 所描述的”擁有一家專門賣花的商店的人“,即“花店主”。


  4、利用文章中對詞的舉例及解釋猜測詞義


  Example :


  Today young couples who are just starting their households of ten spend lots of their money on appliances,for instance,washing machines ,refrigerators and color TVs.


  通過所舉的例子(washing machines ,refrigerators and color TVs)


  可以看出,“appliances” 應是這些名詞的總稱,即“家用電器”。


  Example :


  Finally the enemy surrendered .They threw down their weapons and walked out of the home with their hands over their heads.


  通過后一句對“surrendered”的解釋:扔掉武器(throw down their weapons ),舉起雙手(with their hands over heads )可知其意是“投降”。


  5、利用構詞法知識(前綴和后綴)猜測詞義


  Example :


  They overestimate the interviewee's ability and asked him many difficult questions.


  “estimate”是“估計”的意思,“over-”是前綴,意為“過分,過度,超 過”等,因此“overestimate”就是“高估”的意思。


  Example :


  We were told that ours was the most spacious room in the hotel .That was why we had to pay so much for it .


  “spacious”是由“space”(名詞,空間)+“ious”(形容詞后綴變化而來的,因此,可猜測其詞義為“寬敞”。)


  各種各樣的前、后綴可以構成名詞、形容詞、動詞、副詞等,這些詞綴需要平時不斷地積累和記憶。掌握構詞法知識是擴大詞匯量和猜測生詞詞義的最佳辦法。


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